最新資訊

全港中小學生肺炎球菌疫苗接種計劃

2015年2月

 

全港中小學生肺炎球菌疫苗接種計劃由香港基層醫護基金全力支持!

 

感染肺炎球菌  後遺症可大可小!
• 肺炎是香港所有年齡的第二號殺手!資料顯示,超過三成肺炎球菌個案患者年齡介乎5至17歲。

• 肺炎球菌是常見的病菌,可經由咳嗽和噴嚏傳染,容易在學校造成交叉感染!
 
• 踏入流感高峰期,流感併發肺炎的機會大大提高,而且肺炎球菌抗藥性高,治療倍加困難。

• 肺炎球菌不但引起肺炎,更會導致中耳炎、敗血病 (即細菌入血)、腦膜炎等致命疾病。

 

高危疾群  預防刻不容緩
5-17歲幼青如患有哮喘,患上肺炎球菌疾病的風險高出3倍!

 

世衛組織指出,接種疫苗是目前預防肺炎球菌最有效的方法
• 肺炎球菌經常出現抗藥性,建議預防勝於治療
• 新一代肺炎球菌結合疫苗覆蓋率高達86%
• 新一代肺炎球菌結合疫苗覆蓋攻擊性較強的惡菌,包括血清型3、6A 和19A

 

對象
全港6至17歲中小學生
請向你的家庭醫生查詢或致電︰2808 7803

 

*2011年12月前出生的幼青,大多只注射舊式肺炎球菌疫苗,覆蓋率並不足夠。請檢查針卡及向醫生查詢。

 

抵抗肺炎,只需一針!

 

Reference:
1. Centre for Health Protection. Number of Deaths by Leading Causes of Death 2012.
2. Hon, K-L Fu, et al. (2014), Cardiopulmonary morbidity of streptococcal infections in a PICU. The Clinical Respiratory Journal. doi: 10.1111/crj.12103.
3. Centre for Health Protection. Communicable disease. Available on line at www.chp.gov.hk/tc/content/9/24/10584.html Accessed on 13 May 2014.
4. Centre for Health Protection, Bacterial pathogen isolation and percentage of antimicrobial resistance - out-patient setting, Results for specimens received in 2013. Available on line at www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/results_for_specimens_received_in_2013_en.pdf Accessed on 20 May 2014.
5. CDC. Prevention of Pneumococcal Disease. Recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR 1997; Vol.46/No. RR-8.
6. Jit, M., The risk of sequelae due to pneumococcal meningitis in high-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Infect, 2010;61:114-124.
7. Bedford, H., et al., Meningitis in infancy in England and Wales: follow up at age 5 years. BMJ, Sep 8, 2001: 323(7312): 533-6.
8. The Meningitis Centre. Available at: www.meningitis.com.au/about_meningitis/new_glossary.phtml#Pneumococcal-meningitis. Accessed on 20 May 2014.
9. Talbot TR, Hartert TV, Mitchel E, et al. Asthma as a risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease.N Engl J Med. 2005;352(20):2082-2090.
10. World Health Organization Media Centre. Pneumonia fact sheets. Available on line at www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs331/en Assessed on 20 May 2014
11. World Health Organization. Health topics. Immunization. Available on line at  http://www.who.int/topics/immunization/en/ Accessed on 21 May 2014.
12. Hong Kong Department of Health’s Centre for Health Protection - Paediatric Invasive PneumococcalInfection Report (Jan – Aug 2014)
13. 13-valent PCV Prescribing Information. Pfizer Corporation Hong Kong Limited: Version (November2013).